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Gate preparation strategy for ECE

Gate examination is one of the prestigious examinations of the nation. Which mean people will have enough craze for cracking it. Before entering into the preparation strategy,  let’s have a brief look at What is Gate?


What is Gate?

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The following are eligible to take GATE

  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of Four-year integrated master’s degree programs (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated master’s degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by iE(i), AMICE(i) by the institute of Civil Engineers (India)-iCE(i)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. 


Is Gate Exam easy or tough ?

And now it’s clear about Gate exam and its eligibility. And now let’s see whether Gate exam is easy or tough? Gate examination mainly tests the basic ability of the candidate to know what extent he/she has understood about the topic and how well he/she can simplify the problem related to it. And to prepare for it one need not essentially enter into the complex domain of Engineering Subjects but one need to know clearly what/how/why questions as much as possible about the topic of the subject. And that can be put up in single line as “Believe in Basics with clear understanding” is enough to crack the Gate examination.

Gate Preparation 

Gate preparation can be done by taking coaching or self-study. And taking coaching depends on how and where you’ve studied your Engineering. If you’ve studied in NIT’s or any other bigger institutes where you might have followed some standard books for your academics then one can say that you need not go for special coaching if you really are intended to crack it. I mean if you’re determined to Crack the Gate examination any institute student it might be, can crack without any coaching. Generally people  might be not able to find time for extra coaching so it’s probably not necessary. But  if you’ve  enough time then it’s like good thing to take coaching because there you get a clear idea about the Gate examination.

Overall we say compulsory coaching is not necessary but simple sure determined planning is enough to nail the Gate exam. Let’s see preparation strategy for Gate ECE.( These tips are well applied for self-study Gate aspirants.)

Gate preparation Strategy for ECE 

The first thing you need to do is to look at the amount of time left for the Gate exam. Let’s say at the least 3 or 4 months(you may be having more or less, based on your time resize the schedule). Next have a look at your Gate syllabus. Any branch commonly consists of Engineering Mathematics, Core subjects, General Aptitude. These are the three topics which need to be planned well.

The foremost thing that need to be done is First taking up the Engineering Mathematics then core subjects and regular preparation of General aptitude. Preparation planning order as mentioned.

 1.Engineering Mathematics

The first thing to accomplish in the preparation is finishing your Engineering Mathematics because if you finish it first it’s going to help you solve many of your problems in all your remaining subjects also you get to recapitulate your Mathematical concepts again and again while solving problems of your EC subjects which ultimately leads to strengthening your Engineering Mathematical Concepts.

Engineering Mathematics consists of  utmost 7 major topics. 

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential Equations
  4. Complex variables
  5. Probability and statistics
  6. Numerical methods
  7. Transform theory

The above topics need to be prepared in the same order because they’re in the well-arranged order. The target is finishing all the topics + previous math questions + practice examples in the books + few MCQ’s in one month.

Preparation strategy for each topic:

  1. First take up each sub topic, learn the concepts thoroughly, practice the examples given in the book.
  2. Next go the second sub topic and follow as previous.
  3. After finishing all the subtopics of the topic, solve few exercise problems mixer of all subtopics.
  4. Now go the previous year papers and solve all the questions of the  current topic.

Then move to the second topic and follow the above procedure. After finishing all the topics then take up standard MCQ’s book say Made Easy or Ace academy or Kanodia  and solve MCQs as much as possible in the period of that month. Note when preparing any topic, if you find any concept related to the previous finished topics then have a brief look at those finished topics and try to establish interlinks to the topics and just try to have a perpetual brief recapitulation of all the topics.

Very good books to follow are :

1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig (Pdf available with solutions)

2.Higher Engineering Mathematics by John Bird (Pdf available)

3. Higher Engineering Mathematics by BS Grewal


To practice MCQ’s you can follow:

1. RK Kanodia ECE (Pdf Available)

2. Made Easy ECE 

3. ACE academy

2. Core Subjects (Electronics and Communications)

By now you’ve well got sufficient idea of all the Eng. math topics and you well need to make use of those topics in your core subjects. EC mainly has 8 major topics.

  1. Networks
  2. Electronic devices
  3. Analog Circuits
  4. Digital Circuits
  5. Signals and Systems
  6. Communications
  7. Control Systems
  8. Electromagnetics

The above topics are pair wise related first prepare that topic which comes first in the order of the pair.  Control systems and Electromagnetics can be prepared without any order. There are 8 topics, better learn Electromagnetics at the end. You can start all the topics little each day or take any topic for certain days and finish it. Which you feel convenient you can take up those. But try to finish the first four topics first then  go for the remaining. The same strategy need to be followed for every topic as mentioned above like.

Preparation strategy for each topic:

  1. First take up each subtopic, learn the concepts thoroughly, practice the examples given in the book.
  2. Next go the second subtopic and follow as previous.
  3. After finishing all the subtopics of the topic, solve few exercise problems mixer of all subtopics.
  4. Now go the previous year papers and solve all the questions of the  current topic.

After finishing one topic of the above 8 try to solve few more MCQ’s from Made easy or Kanodia or ACE books. Then move to the second topic and you can always find interlinks to each of the topic try to remember the things by finding out their differences. After finishing all the topics solve as many as MCQ’s you can from those standard books in the span of 2 months.

Books to follow are:

Topic Book
Networks Network analysis, Van Valkenburg
Circuit analysis theory and practice by Robins and Miller
Introductroy circuit analysis by Boyle stad
Electronic DevicesElectronic devices and circuit theory by Boylestad
Analog CircuitsMicroelectronics circuits by Behzad Razavi
Fundamentals of electroinics by Alexader Sadiku
Digital CircuitsDigital Electronics by Morris Mano
Fundamental of digital circuits by Anand Kumar
Signals and systems Oppenheim Wilsky and Nawab
Simon Heykin
Communications Simon Heykin
BP Lathi
Control Systems Nagrath and Gopal
Electromagnetics NO Sadiku
Antenna theory by Balanis


Note: Highlighted texts take you to PDF’s of those books

To practice MCQ’s you can follow:

  1. Made Easy ECE book
  2. RK Kanodia ECE book (Pdf available)
  3. Ace academy

 Also you can go through hand written notes while preparing:

3. General Aptitude

This consists of both Numerical ability and verbal ability.  For numerical ability you can learn concepts from the Gate guides and they can be learned in no time. And for Verbal ability you need to spend 30 to 40 minutes every day(as possible but be regular) to learn the vocabulary and Grammar etc. You can make use of online services to review your English skills e.g.,

So above all things were planned to do in the span of 3 months. Now take any MCQ’s book and start solving questions of all the topics and give mock tests as many as you can and have analysis and find out the mistakes and try to go through those topics  well again. You can have all this final touch up in one month.

This preparation strategy was setup considering a span of 4 months, if you have more than this time you can follow well the same strategy by resizing time for the topics as your convenience.

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